Journalmonitoring 01/2016

April 18, 2016 8:25 am Veröffentlicht von Schreibe einen Kommentar

I.

Media Perspektiven – Heft 1/2016

Stefanie Best/Bernhard Engel (2016): Generationenprofile in der konvergenten Medienwelt. Kohortenanalysen auf Basis der ARD/ZDF-Langzeitstudie Massenkommunikation. In: Media Perspektiven 1/2016: 2-26. URL: http://www.ard-werbung.de/media-perspektiven/publikationen/fachzeitschrift/2016/artikel/generationenprofile-in-der-konvergenten-medienwelt/ (01.04.16)

Abstract: Wie die Analyse von Generationenmustern bei der Nutzung und Bewertung von Medien in der Langzeitperspektive der Studie Massenkommunikation zeigt, weisen Menschen, die im gleichen Jahrzehnt geboren sind, durchaus ein spezifisches Medienverhalten auf (Kohorteneffekte). Daneben beeinflussen aber auch Lebensalter und zeitgeschichtliche Entwicklungen den Umgang mit Medien. Beim Fernsehen treten Kohorteneffekte am stärksten in den jungeren Geburtsjahrgängen zutage, die abweichend vom vorherrschenden Trend in den vergangenen zehn Jahren zum Teil deutlich weniger fernsahen. Das Fernsehen ist aber auch das Medium, das am deutlichsten einen Alterseffekt im Sinne einer zunehmenden Nutzung mit steigendem Alter aufweist. Die Kohorte 1950 bis 1959 erzielte in ihrem Lebensverlauf die höchsten Radio-Nutzungsdauern und erweist sich damit als besonders radioaffin. Radio positioniert sich ausserdem relativ gut bei den jungeren Generationen, trotz wachsender Audioangebote im Internet. Die Tageszeitungsnutzung erweist sich am deutlichsten von Kohorteneffekten bestimmt – je später geboren, desto weniger wird Zeitung gelesen. Als einziges Medium findet hier aber bereits ein nennenswertes Nutzungsvolumen über entsprechende Internetangebote statt. Für das Internet liegt eine starke Affinität der Digital Natives als Kohorteneffekt auf der Hand. Bezüglich der Medienzukunft zeigt sich, dass Radio und Fernsehen in allen Generationen zukunftsfähig sind. Dies gilt ebenso für die Zukunft des öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunks, der auch bei den jungen Generationen nach wie vor als unverzichtbar eingeschätzt wird.

 

Media Perspektiven – Heft 2/2016

Andreas Egger/Birgit van Eimeren (2016): Bewegtbild im Internet: Markt und Nutzung digitaler Plattformen. Analyse des Marktumfelds und empirische Ergebnisse aus der ARD/ZDF-Onlinestudie. In: Media Perspektiven 2/2016: 108-119. URL: http://www.ard-werbung.de/media-perspektiven/publikationen/fachzeitschrift/2016/artikel/bewegtbild-im-internet-markt-und-nutzung-digitaler-plattformen/ (01.04.2016).

Abstract:  Der Markt für Bewegtbild-Angebote in Deutschland hat sich im letzten Jahrzehnt stark gewandelt. Im Kerngeschäft des klassischen Free-TV ist eine Fragmentierung zu beobachten, die durch die positive Geschäftsentwicklung des benachbarten Pay-TV-Marktes verstärkt wird. Gleichzeitig verschwimmen im Zuge der Konvergenz von Verbreitungswegen und Endgeräten die Marktgrenzen im publizistischen wie ökonomischen Wettbewerb mit Anbietern aus anderen Segmenten der Medienwelt sowie neuen Playern aus angrenzenden oder fremden Branchen. Für die etablierten Rundfunkanbieter gilt es, die Stellung ihrer Marken in diesem erweiterten Marktumfeld zu behaupten und neue, plattform- und zielgruppenadäquate Angebote für eine Vielzahl eigener und fremder Verbreitungswege zu entwickeln. Dadurch hat das Bewegtbild im Netz an Attraktivität gewonnen. Mit Ausnahme kürzerer Webvideos ist jedoch bisher keine habitualisierte Nutzung von Angebotsformen festzustellen, bei denen längere Videos aus dem inhaltlichen Spektrum des klassischen Fernsehens im Vordergrund stehen.

 

Media Perspektiven – Heft 3/2016

ARD-Forschungsdienst (2016): Kreativität und ästhetische Gestaltung von Werbekommunikation. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016: 186-189. URL: http://www.ard-werbung.de/media-perspektiven/publikationen/fachzeitschrift/2015/artikel/kreativitaet-und-aesthetische-gestaltung-von-werbekommunikation/ (16.04.16).

Abstract: Kreative Elemente können die Wirkung einer Werbung positiv beeinflussen. Allerdings gelingt dies nur, wenn Konsumenten die Gestaltung der Werbung ansprechend finden und verwendete Stereotypen und visuelle Metaphern dekodieren bzw. verstehen können. Eine Studie zeigte, dass die Bewertung von kreativer Werbung von der individuellen Ausgangssituation abhängt: Wird einem Werbungtreibenden eine kreative Werbung vorgestellt, bewertet er sie nach professionellen Maßstäben und entsprechend anders, als wenn sie einem Konsumenten präsentiert wird. In einer weiteren Studie fand man heraus, dass visuelle Elemente, die Eigenschaften eines Produktes symbolisieren sollen, vom Zuschauer ohne Mühe verstanden werden müssen, damit sie die Werbewirkung verstärken. Für eine positive Werbewirkung ist es einer Untersuchung zufolge außerdem entscheidend, dass die Werbung eine Verbindung zu den Konsumenten herstellen und für sie bedeutsam wirken kann. Sehr kreative Werbung, mit der die Konsumenten nichts „anfangen“ können, hat ihren Zweck verfehlt.

 

II.

Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft – Heft 1/2016

Henk Erik Meier/Jörg Hagenah (2016): „Fußballisierung“ im deutschen Fernsehen? Eine Untersuchung zum Wandel von Angebot und Nachfrage bei den wichtigsten Free TV-Sendern. In: Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft, Heft 1/2016: 12-35. URL: http://www.nomos-elibrary.de/10.5771/1615-634X-2016-1-12/fussballisierung-im-deutschen-fernsehen-eine-untersuchung-zum-wandel-von-angebot-und-nachfrage-bei-den-wichtigsten-free-tv-sendern-jahrgang-64-2016-heft-1?page=1 (01.04.16).

Abstract: Fußball scheint eines der letzten großen „Lagerfeuer“ einer zunehmend pluralisierten Gesellschaft zu sein. Verschiedentlich ist daher eine „Fußballisierung“ des Mediensports diagnostiziert worden. Der vorliegende Beitrag untersucht diese These auf der Basis der von der Arbeitsgemeinschaft Fernsehen erhobenen Fernsehdaten. Die Analyse macht deutlich, dass das Sportangebot in allen vier klassischen Hauptprogrammen (Das Erste, ZDF, RTL, Sat.1) reduziert worden ist, aber eine relative Fußballkonzentrierung stattgefunden hat. Daneben haben Sportinhalte für die einzelnen Sender ein sehr unterschiedliches Gewicht. Fußballsendungen sind in geringerem Maße als das Gesamtprogramm einer Erosion der Zuschauermarktanteile ausgesetzt. Die Analyse der Nutzerkontakte zeigt die überragende Bedeutung von Fußballgroßereignissen. Insgesamt weisen die Analysen auf einen veränderten Stellenwert von Sportangeboten im deutschen Free TV-Markt hin, der die Sportverbände beunruhigen muss und weitere Anstrengungen zur Medialisierung erforderlich machen wird.

 

Teresa K. Naab (2016): Der Sanktionsbedarf von Facebook-Inhalten aus Sicht von NutzerInnen und seine Determinanten. In: Medien & Kommunikationswissenschaft, Heft 1/2016: 56-73. URL: http://www.nomos-elibrary.de/10.5771/1615-634X-2016-1-56/der-sanktionsbedarf-von-facebook-inhalten-aus-sicht-von-nutzerinnen-und-seine-determinanten-jahrgang-64-2016-heft-1?page=1 (01.04.16).

Abstract: In den sozialen Medien können NutzerInnen, die keine institutionalisierte Ausbildung über die Bedeutung der Meinungsfreiheit und ihre Grenzen erhalten haben, von anderen NutzerInnen produzierte Medieninhalte sanktionieren. Diese Sanktionen ergänzen die Regulierung durch Plattformanbieter und die rechtsstaatliche Regulierung. Damit eröffnet sich ein neues Forschungsfeld über die Potenziale und Herausforderungen des Sanktionsbedarfs von Medieninhalten aus Sicht von NutzerInnen. In einer standardisierten Befragung von 265 Facebook-Usern wird untersucht, welche Merkmale und Einstellungen beeinflussen, ob NutzerInnen einen Facebook-Inhalt negativ sanktionieren würden oder Sanktionen vom Plattformbetreiber oder vom Staat erwarten. Es zeigen sich teilweise Parallelen zur den Forschungsergebnissen, die in Studien zu traditionellen Medien gewonnen wurden: Die Einschätzung der Medienbotschaft als gefährlich, geringere Facebook-Nutzung und ein niedrigeres Bildungsniveau gehen mit einer hohen Einschätzung des Sanktionsbedarfs aus Sicht der NutzerInnen einher. Andere Faktoren (Alter, Geschlecht, politische Orientierung, Religiosität und vermutete Wirkung des Facebook- Inhalts) haben dagegen keine oder nur indirekte Effekte.

 

III.

New Media and Society – Heft 1/2016

Chingching Chang (2016): Responses to conflicting information in computer-mediated communication: Gender difference as an example. In: New Media & Society, Heft 1/2016: 5-24. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/1/5.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: This article proposed a theoretical framework to demonstrate how and why people respond differently to conflicting information in computer-mediated communication. Using gender difference as an example, this study showed that women had greater tendencies to elaborate on positive rather than negative outcomes, whereas men had a balanced tendency to elaborate on both positive and negative outcomes. Accordingly, when they read conflicting consumer comments about initial product messages posted on weblogs, men, who elaborated on both positive and negative outcomes, experienced greater discomfort than women, who elaborated on positive outcomes to a greater degree than negative outcomes. Enhanced discomfort among men resulted in the reduced credibility and diagnosticity of the initial product information, which then led to deteriorated product evaluations.

 

Andrew Rojecki/Sharon Meraz (2016): Rumors and factitious informational blends: The role of the web in speculative politics. In: New Media & Society, Heft 1/2016: 25-43. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/1/25.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: The World Wide Web has changed the dynamics of information transmission and agenda-setting. Facts mingle with half-truths and untruths to create factitious informational blends (FIBs) that drive speculative politics. We specify an information environment that mirrors and contributes to a polarized political system and develop a methodology that measures the interaction of the two. We do so by examining the evolution of two comparable claims during the 2004 presidential campaign in three streams of data: (1) web pages, (2) Google searches, and (3) media coverage. We find that the web is not sufficient alone for spreading misinformation, but it leads the agenda for traditional media. We find no evidence for equality of influence in network actors.

 

Sakari Taipale (2016): Do the mobile-rich get richer? Internet use, travelling and social differentiations in Finland. In: New Media & Society Heft 1/2016: 44- URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/1/44.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: This article investigates the daily travelling practices that are related to mobile-only, fixed-only and combined mobile/fixed use of the Internet, and the social differentiations that are related to these three ways of accessing the Internet. Survey data (N = 612) collected from Finland in 2011 are analysed. The article shows that mobile-only Internet use is not associated with particularly diverse or frequent daily travelling practices, whereas combined mobile/fixed use is. Mobile-only Internet users are, in fact, in a relatively disadvantaged position – compared with other users, they are more typically unemployed and their household income is lower. The mobility of Internet access as such does not guarantee a safe social position in society. Mobile Internet use must be complemented with fixed use, which brings about more versatile and frequent travelling. The finding suggests that the ‘mobile-rich get richer’ when it comes to Internet use and daily travelling practices.

 

Maximillian Hänska Ahy (2016): Networked communication and the Arab Spring: Linking broadcast and social media. In: New Media & Society Heft 1/2016: 99-116. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/1/99.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: A plethora of media platforms were involved in communicating recent protests across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), though it remains unclear exactly how these interacted. This qualitative article, based primarily on interviews with British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) newsworkers, explores the networked linkages between social and broadcast media, asking how social media content moved into broadcast news, which standards shaped the interface between the two and how these standards were defined. It finds that a set of normative and practical standards caused significant friction at the interface, which is reduced as content assimilates these standards. Standards are shaped mainly in response to broadcast imperatives, but also through the mainstreaming of social media and more efficacious and practicable networked communicative practices, indicating how power may shift in the networked age. Responding to the optimistic view that networked multimedia environments enable unencumbered communication, it argues that the scope and limits of communicative affordances depend on these standards.

 

Blake Hallinan/Ted Striphas (2016): Recommended for you: The Netflix Prize and the production of algorithmic culture. In: New Media & Society, Heft 1/2016: 117-137. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/1/117.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: How does algorithmic information processing affect the meaning of the word culture, and, by extension, cultural practice? We address this question by focusing on the Netflix Prize (2006–2009), a contest offering US$1m to the first individual or team to boost the accuracy of the company’s existing movie recommendation system by 10%. Although billed as a technical challenge intended for engineers, we argue that the Netflix Prize was equally an effort to reinterpret the meaning of culture in ways that overlapped with, but also diverged in important respects from, the three dominant senses of the term assayed by Raymond Williams. Thus, this essay explores the conceptual and semantic work required to render algorithmic information processing systems legible as forms of cultural decision making. It also then represents an effort to add depth and dimension to the concept of “algorithmic culture.”

 

Book Reviews

Sophie Lecheler/Sanne Kruikemeier (2016): Re-evaluating journalistic routines in a digital age: A review of research on the use of online sources. In: New Media & Society, Heft 1/2016: 156-171. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/17/10/1603.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: This review article provides a critical discussion of empirical studies that deal with the use of online news sources in journalism. We evaluate how online sources have changed the journalist–source relationship regarding selection of sources as well as verification strategies. We also discuss how the use of online sources changes audience perceptions of news. The available research indicates that journalists have accepted online news sourcing techniques into their daily news production process, but that they hesitate to use information retrieved from social media as direct and quoted sources in news reporting. Studies show that there are differences in the use of online sources between media sectors, type of reporting, and country context. The literature also suggests that verification of online sources requires a new set of skills that journalists still struggle with. We propose a research agenda for future studies.

 

New Media and Society – Heft 2/2016

DJ Wolover (2016): An issue of attribution: The Tunisian revolution, media interaction, and agency. In: New Media & Society Heft, 2/2016: 185-200. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/2/185.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: Studies of the Arab Spring have been populated with two kinds of media scholarship: while one acknowledges the role of social media in popular uprisings, the other argues that their role has been overblown. Drawing on recent theories of the media, this article seeks to resolve the debate through a media interaction approach, which shows how it is impossible to study the effects of one media form in isolation from those of others. First, how social media and the mainstream news media have interacted in providing the coverage of Tunisian uprising is outlined. This study suggests that not only did these influential news sources rely on a developing distributed mediascape to provide information, they also influenced distributed media in return, suggesting not only an intersection of traditional and distributed media but rather their reformulation. Second, the putative role of social media in popular uprisings shows regional bias in the early days of media coverage while also being indicative of a shift in what constitutes a reliable source within the culture of journalism with Western media displaying a technological determinist slant while the Arab source displays an organic determinist position.

 

Julie Uldam (2016): Corporate management of visibility and the fantasy of the post-political: Social media and surveillance. In: New Media & Society, Heft 2/2016: 201-219. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/2/201.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: This article sheds light on a challenge to the emancipatory potential of social media for social movements that has so far largely been overlooked: corporations’ monitoring of individuals. In this way, it goes beyond the ways in which corporations draw on ‘big data’ from online sources and instead explores how they (1) monitor and (2) discuss strategies for responding to the activities of individual activists, specifically in social media. Theoretically, it draws on Thompson’s concept of mediated visibility, Mouffe’s concept of the (post)political and Carpentier’s notion of the fantasy of the post-political. Empirically, it focuses on the oil industry and the climate justice movement in the United Kingdom. Here, it draws on files from British Petroleum (BP) and Shell on specific individuals obtained through Subject Access Requests under the Data Protection Act as well as press responses from the two oil companies.

 

Anne C Fletcher/Bethany L Blair (2016): Implications of the family expert role for parental rules regarding adolescent use of social technologies. In: New Media & Society, Heft 2/2016: 239-256. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/2/239.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: We conducted individual semi-structured qualitative interviews with a diverse group of 40 adolescents to assess their perceptions related to (a) the location of expert power within their families with respect to social technology use (cell phones and social networking sites) and (b) the implications of such power for parental rule setting and enforcement related to adolescent use of these technologies. Results indicated substantial variability in who adolescents perceived to be the family experts. Rules regarding access to social technologies existed in most families regardless of the technology type and regardless of whether parents or youth were perceived as technology experts. In contrast, family expert status had implications for the types of content rules that parents set regarding adolescents’ use of social technologies and the manner in which such rules were enforced.

 

Anders Olof Larsson (2016): Online, all the time? A quantitative assessment of the permanent campaign on Facebook. In: New Media & Society, Heft 2/2016: 274-292. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/2/274.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: Many claims have been made regarding the influence of social media like Facebook on activities undertaken by political actors. While the study of online political communication provides several different perspectives, few studies have attempted to uncover tendencies of so-called permanent campaigning in online environments. The term signifies campaign-like activities at the hands of politicians also during non-election periods and has spawned a number of conceptual discussions. This article presents an exploratory effort, studying traces of permanent campaigning in two similar countries—Norway and Sweden. As the former of these countries underwent a parliamentary election during the studied period, the study provides insights into “the election effect”—heightened levels of online activity among the Norwegian parties and politicians that can perhaps best be understood in relation to an ongoing election.

 

Thomas N Friemel (2016): The digital divide has grown old: Determinants of a digital divide among seniors. In: New Media & Society, Heft 2/2016: 313-331. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/2/313.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: The diffusion of the Internet is reaching a level between 80% and 90% in Western societies. Yet, while the digital divide is closing for young cohorts, it is still an issue when comparing various generations. This study focuses specifically on the so-called ‘grey divide’, a divide among seniors of age 65+ years. Based on a representative survey in Switzerland (N = 1105), it is found that Internet use is strongly skewed in this age group leading to a partial exclusion of the old seniors (70+). Logistic regression shows that gender differences in usage disappear if controlled for education, income, technical interest, pre-retirement computer use and marital status. Furthermore, the social context appears to have a manifold influence on Internet use. Encouragement by family and friends is a strong predictor for Internet use, and private learning settings are preferred over professional courses. Implications for digital inequality initiatives and further research are discussed.

 

New Media and Society – Heft 3/2016

Su Jung Kim (2016): A repertoire approach to cross-platform media use behavior. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016: 353-372. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/353.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: Media users receive an overwhelmingly large supply of media content from multiple media, yet much research on media use examines the use of a single medium. This study investigates patterns of media use across multiple media platforms by taking a media repertoire approach. Using single-source data that merge television peoplemeter data and a survey on other media use of the same respondents, this study identifies five distinctive media repertoires (TV-Oriented Entertainment, Internet Only, News on Traditional Media, Tabloid Newspapers, and Cable TV Only). This study finds significant differences in user background characteristics, total news media use, political interest, and political knowledge among representative users of each media repertoire. Regression analyses on factor scores reveal that media repertoires are explained by individual and structural factors of media choice discussed in previous research. The implications for future research on media repertoires as news, information, and entertainment sources are discussed

 

Emily C Weinstein/Robert L Selman (2016): Digital stress: Adolescents’ personal accounts. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016: 391-409. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/391.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: Based on a thematic content analysis of 2000 anonymous posts to the website AThinLine.org, this article explores adolescents’ personal accounts of digital stress. Six kinds of digital stressors that engender two distinctive types of digital stress are identified. Type 1 stressors—“mean and harassing personal attacks,” “public shaming and humiliation,” and “impersonation”—reflect the migration of common forms of relational hostility onto the online space and echo discussions of harassment, drama, and bullying. Type 2 stressors stem from adolescents’ use of digital technologies in the service of seeking relational connection. These lesser-discussed Type 2 stressors—“feeling smothered,” “pressure to comply with requests for access,” and “breaking and entering into digital accounts and devices”—transpire in the context of adolescents’ attempts to form and maintain intimacy or close connections with others.

 

Kate Crawford/Tarleton Gillespie (2016): What is a flag for? Social media reporting tools and the vocabulary of complaint. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016 18: 410-428. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/410.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: The flag is now a common mechanism for reporting offensive content to an online platform, and is used widely across most popular social media sites. It serves both as a solution to the problem of curating massive collections of user-generated content and as a rhetorical justification for platform owners when they decide to remove content. Flags are becoming a ubiquitous mechanism of governance—yet their meaning is anything but straightforward. In practice, the interactions between users, flags, algorithms, content moderators, and platforms are complex and highly strategic. Significantly, flags are asked to bear a great deal of weight, arbitrating both the relationship between users and platforms, and the negotiation around contentious public issues. In this essay, we unpack the working of the flag, consider alternatives that give greater emphasis to public deliberation, and consider the implications for online public discourse of this now commonplace yet rarely studied sociotechnical mechanism.

 

Suvi Uski/Airi Lampinen (2016): Social norms and self-presentation on social network sites: Profile work in action. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016: 447-464. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/447.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: “Profile work,” that is strategic self-presentation in social network sites, is configured by both the technical affordances and related social norms. In this article, we address technical and social psychological aspects that underlie acts of sharing by analyzing the social in relation to the technical. Our analysis is based on two complementary sets of qualitative data gleaned from in situ experiences of Finnish youth and young adults within the sharing mechanisms of Facebook and Last.fm. In our analysis, we identified social norms that were formed around the prevailing sharing practices in the two sites and compared them in relation to the sharing mechanisms. The analysis revealed that automated and manual sharing were sanctioned differently. We conclude that although the social norms that guide content sharing differed between the two contexts, there was an identical sociocultural goal in profile work: presentation of authenticity.

 

Peter English (2016): Twitter’s diffusion in sports journalism: Role models, laggards and followers of the social media innovation. In: New Media & Society, Heft 3/2016: 484-501. URL: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/18/3/484.full (01.04.16).

Abstract: The roles of sports journalists have been affected considerably by the influence of Twitter, but what is not known is how the social media application has been adopted across a range of sports newsrooms in different countries. Employing Rogers’ diffusion of innovations theory, this study examines how Twitter has been accepted or rejected on the sports desks of six broadsheet/quality news organisations in Australia, India and the United Kingdom. A mixed methods approach is employed, combining 36 in-depth interviews with a content analysis of 4103 print and online articles. This allows a comprehensive analysis of issues such as when and why sports journalists adopt this innovation, and how much Twitter-related content appears in the sports pages. Twitter adoption contains many benefits for individuals and their organisations, and the results from this study have implications for sports journalism in other nations at various stages of diffusion.

 

IV.

Convergence – Heft 1/2016

Evelien D’heer/Cédric Courtois (2016): The changing dynamics of television consumption in the multimedia living room. In: Convergence – The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, Heft 1/2016: 3-17. URL: http://con.sagepub.com/content/22/1/3.full (03.04.16).

Abstract: This increasingly saturated media environment potentially alters how viewers engage with televisual media and with each other. In this respect, we address how mobile devices, such as tablets, have entered our living rooms and alter TV’s social uses and practices. By means of in-depth interviews, we revisit the enquiry of the audience in the living room context, with specific attention to Lull’s typology of social uses. The study shows the use of these mobile Internet devices in front of the TV is integrated in our everyday TV viewing behavior. In addition, we recognize the complex nature of physical and verbal avoidance and affiliation in a multiscreen living room. Participants personally consume media content in the presence of other family members, which allows physical contact but reduces the opportunities for conversation. In addition, these computer technologies allow online sociability, which we label as ‘outbound affiliation’. These tendencies are discussed in a broader understanding of contemporary (media) culture, with a particular focus on the reflexive audience and the related broader process of individualization.

 

Delia Dumitrica (2016): Imagining engagement: Youth, social media, and electoral processes. In: Convergence – The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, Heft 1/2016: 35-53. URL: http://con.sagepub.com/content/22/1/35.full (03.04.16).

Abstract: The case of the 2010 municipal elections in Calgary, Canada, is used here to explore the discursive construction of social media in relation to political engagement. This article examines the way in which 59 undergraduate students at the University of Calgary discuss political engagement through Facebook and Twitter. Participants enthusiastically constructed a vision of ‘engagement’ fostered by social media’s alleged intrinsic features. Social media, it was argued, create a feeling of community, provide access to information as well as the ability to share it, and open up new means of building personal connections between politicians and citizens. In this articulation, social media appeared as both the tool that produced engagement and the space where this engagement unfolded. The focus of the article is on questioning the implications of this discursive construction by asking what political possibilities are opened up or closed down in this articulation? The construction of social media as the solution to the problems of democracy remains highly problematic, yet also indicative of a deep preoccupation with the conditions of modern life, and particularly the desire to find solutions to the increased complexity of the social systems.

 

 

Convergence – Heft 2/2016

Christina Neumayer/Jakob Svensson (2016): Activism and radical politics in the digital age: Towards a typology. In: Convergence – The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, Heft 2/2016: 131-146. URL: http://con.sagepub.com/content/22/2/131.full (03.04.16).

Abstract: This article aims to develop a typology for evaluating different types of activism in the digital age, based on the ideal of radical democracy. Departing from this ideal, activism is approached in terms of processes of identification by establishing conflictual frontiers to outside others as either adversaries or enemies. On the basis of these discussions, we outline a typology of four kinds of activists, namely the salon activist, the contentious activist, the law-abiding activist and the Gandhian activist. The typology’s first axis, between antagonism and agonism, is derived from normative discussions in radical democracy concerning developing frontiers. The second axis, about readiness to engage in civil disobedience, is derived from a review of studies of different forms of online activism. The article concludes by suggesting that the different forms of political engagement online have to be taken into account when studying how online activism can contribute to social change.

 

Troels Fibæk Bertel (2016): ‘Why would you want to know?’: The reluctant use of location sharing via check-ins on Facebook among Danish youth. In: Convergence – The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, Heft 2/2016: 162-176. URL: http://con.sagepub.com/content/22/2/162.full (03.04.16).

Abstract: With the widespread adoption of smartphones, mobile users today have an increasing number of ways to communicate about their location; the practice of ‘checking in’, thereby broadcasting one’s location to one’s network of friends on Facebook, is one such way. Previous research has indicated that the social sharing of location information in mobile social media may be associated with significant consequences, for instance, in the areas of coordination, self-presentation, network presence and social capital. An interview study conducted with 31 ‘ordinary’ young Danish smartphone and Facebook users, however, indicates that this specific use of location sharing, despite being well-known and despite the potential of the technology indicated by previous research, has come to play a relatively minor role in their everyday lives. Drawing on the domestication approach, this article examines the meaning making associated with the use and particularly the reluctance towards use of the technology and discusses the discrepancy between the existing literature and limited use found in the present study.

 

Frédérik Lesage (2016): Reviewing photoshop: Mediating cultural subjectivities for application software. In: Convergence – The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, Heft 2/2016: 215-229. URL: http://con.sagepub.com/content/22/2/215.full (03.04.16).

Abstract: This article provides an analysis of the application software Photoshop with a specific focus on how reviews serve as sites for mediating its cultural subjectivities. The first sections develop a conceptual framework for the research based on mediation theory followed by a more detailed discussion of how tracing Photoshop’s cultural biography can be used to analyze its mediation in a way that recognizes its status as part of technological processes and social contexts. The later sections apply this framework with a specific focus on Photoshop upgrades and how they are reviewed in magazine articles and newsgroups over the course of nearly 20 years.

 

V.

Communications – Heft 1/2016

Paula Vicente/Inês Lopes (2016): Attitudes of older mobile phone users towards mobile phones. In: Communications, Heft 1/2016: 71–86. URL: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/comm.2016.41.issue-1/commun-2015-0026/commun-2015-0026.xml?format=INT (03.04.16).

Abstract: Research on mobile technology adoption has focused predominantly on young adults, and little attention has been paid to older people. But with rapidly aging populations in most developed countries, and evidence from many studies that older adults are as capable of adopting and using mobile technology as everybody else, the academic, business and technology industry worlds are devoting more attention to this group. Research has already demonstrated that older people differ from young people in their perceptions, preferences and usage of mobile technology, but there are also differences within the older adults group regarding mobile technology adoption. Using data from a mobile phone survey, this study identifies segments of mobile phone users among older adults based on their attitudes towards mobile phones, and describes the underlying differences between these segments in terms of key values towards mobile phone communications, mobile phone use, and socio-demographics. The analysis led to the identification of three distinct segments, designated as “Apathetic”, “Social and hedonic” and “Busy and active”.

 

VI.

Publizistik – Heft 1/2016

Gerhard Vowe (2016): Wissenschaftskommunikation 2.0? In: Publizistik, Heft 1/2016: 51-72. URL: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11616-015-0249-1 (03.04.16).

Abstract: Die Leitfrage des Beitrags ist: Wie verändert sich unter den Bedingungen der Online-Welt der Kern von Wissenschaftskommunikation, die Forschungskommunikation? Speziell hierfür hat sich ein breites Spektrum von Online-Medien entwickelt. Deren Grundprinzip ist mehrdimensionale Konvergenz: Was bislang strikt getrennt war, das wächst zusammen; dadurch entstehen neue Differenzen, und zwar in allen Dimensionen von Kommunikation. Je mehr dieses Potential genutzt wird, desto stärker tritt der strukturelle Wandel der Forschungskommunikation hervor, der alle Kommunikationsarenen und alle Komponenten des Forschungsprozesses erfasst. Der strukturelle Wandel drückt sich vor allem in sieben Tendenzen der Veränderung aus, so in der Pluralisierung der Kommunikationsakteure, der Globalisierung der Kommunikationsräume oder der Dynamisierung der Kommunikationsprozesse. Diese Tendenzen zeichnen sich vor allem durch Ambivalenz und Gestaltbarkeit aus. Für die Fachzeitschriften bieten diese Tendenzen die Chance, ihre Rolle als zentraler Knoten im Netz der Forschungskommunikation zu stärken. Daraus ergeben sich Optionen für die verantwortlichen Akteure.

 

Beobachtete Journals

Media Perspektiven: http://www.media-perspektiven.de/publikationen/fachzeitschrift/
Medien & Komm.wiss: http://www.m-und-k.nomos.de/archiv/2015/
New Media and Society: http://nms.sagepub.com/content/by/year/2015
Convergence : http://con.sagepub.com/content/by/year
Communications: http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/comm_comm.2015
Publizistik: http://link.springer.com/journal/volumesAndIssues/11616

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